Arbitration as the Method of Settlement of Investment Disputes against the Kyrgyz Republic
AKIpress Analytics section, March 19, 2013

The Kyrgyz Republic has already participated in several arbitration proceedings. Therefore, it might be reasonable to analyze peculiarities of legal regulation of arbitration in the KR, the causes and consequences of arbitration disputes and make relevant conclusions…

What risks foreign investors should take into account while investing into the Kyrgyz mining sector,
The Times of Central Asia, March 1, 2012.

Overview of Anti-Corruption Laws in Kyrgyz Republic,
Comparative Summary of Anti-Corruption Laws in the CIS Economic Region, 2011,
The CIS Leading Council Network.

What a foreigner should know about tax regime in the Kyrgyz Republic?
The Times of Central Asia, publication expected.

Kyrgyzstan is not an offshore zone and does not provide tax exemptions, but the rates of many of them are not very high.

Registration of Legal Entities in the Kyrgyz Republic: 8 Frequently Asked Questions

There are various types of legal structure for businesses in the Kyrgyz Republic («KR»). However, since the most common legal structures are a limited liability company («LLC») and a joint stock company («JSC»), we will refer to them in answering the questions below.

8. What is the minimum authorized capital required?

Pursuant to KR law, the authorized capital defines the amount of the property of a legal entity guaranteeing interests of its creditors. The amount of the authorized capital of the legal entity is defined by its participants in its constitutive documents. It should be noted that in JSCs the authorized capital must not be less than KGS 100,000 , whereas in LLCs the authorized capital may be minimal, which is up to KGS 1.

7. What is the procedure for opening bank account?

After receiving the certificate of state registration and the seal, a legal entity may open account in any bank of KR.

After opening a settlement account, the bank must within 5 business days notify the tax authority at the place of location of a legal entity to this effect.

6. How to obtain a seal of the legal entity?

After receiving from the justice body the certificate of state registration indicating a taxpayer’s identification number (TIN) a legal entity can order a seal to be made by a private company making seals. At present, to have a seal made, a legal entity is not required to receive any permission from state authorities of KR.

5. How long does it take to register a legal entity?

State registration of legal entities by the justice bodies is performed within 3 business days from the date of submission to the respective justice body of all necessary documents required by the legislation.

Financial and lending institutions are registered by the justice bodies within 10 calendar days.

4. Which authorities are responsible for registration of legal entities?

The KR Ministry of Justice and its territorial units are responsible for state registration of legal entities in KR.

3. What are the formal requirements for the registration documents?

The participant’s decision to establish a legal entity must be signed by each participant and contain the following data:

- Name of the to-be-registered legal entity in Kyrgyz and Russian;
- Legal address of the newly established legal entity;
- Data about each participant including the last name, first name and patronymic, place of residence (for natural persons), or full name, place of location (for legal entities);
- Amount of the charter capital and amount of each participant’s share in the charter capital of a legal entity;

2. What documents are required for registration of a legal entity?

For registration of a legal entity, the following documents must be submitted to the registration authority:

- Application for registration;
- Participant’s decision to establish a legal entity;
- Copy of the participant’s passport (if the participant is an individual);
- Copy of the certificate of state registration (if the participant is a legal entity);
- Copy of the CEO’s passport;
- Other data provided by KR law.

1. Who can be a participant(s) of the legal entity?

LLCs/JSCs can be founded by one or more entities, which might be both individuals and legal entities. JSCs can be also founded by the KR Government and local self-government authorities.

LLCs/JSCs cannot have another business entity as its sole founder/shareholder (hereinafter – “participant”), if this legal entity consists of only one person. LLCs must not have more than 30 and closed JSCs more than 50 participants, while open JSCs may have an unlimited number of participants.

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